Born and raised in Zimbabwe, Joy Mutare migrated to the United States in 1997 amidst alarmingly high HIV/AIDS death rates. On her journey towards the M.B.A. in 2004, she decided to follow her passion which lies in engaging more actively in civil society. Considering the ravaging impact of HIV/AIDS she became convinced she was a lot more than the moral issue it was being presented as and after losing numerous family members and friends to HIV/AIDS, she started to academically engage in how societies shape patterns of disease.
Using transnational feminist frameworks and institutional ethnography she began to explore the interplay of capitalism and racism on influencing “third-world women's” health and illness. These frameworks also focus on how HIV/AIDS funding institutions have responded to HIV/AIDS and how these institutions create and implement HIV/AIDS prevention programmes targeted at women of color.